Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Is Enochian Magic a Sure Path for the Magician?


Is the Enochian Magic an important subject for the development of the Adept? According to the extensive bibliography on the subject, most of the authors seem to agree that it is. Most of them also affirm that it was a breakthrough for the western ritual system of magic because it seems to be one of the most "effective" ways to perform magic and getting results.

I would like to open a discussion regarding the concept of an Adept and its required preparation in an esoteric school settings like the Rosicrucian orders, not only AMORC but other Rosicrucian schools or orders as well

Note: This is not a work of fiction but a deep research into the subject supported by many years of study and practices and directed to sincere students of the Rosicrucian Traditions. 

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Our first contact with the Enochian Magic was while doing our Zelator grade with the AO-HOGD (Donald Griffin). That order, differently from other Golden Down orders, includes the Enochian magic in the Elemental Grades and not only in the Second Order as usual. During that contact, we were oriented to study The Ritual Magic Manual compiled and written by the AO-HOGD's Imperator, Donald Griffing, and practice a number of invocation rituals as part of the grade curriculum using reviewed and upgraded study materials related to Enochian Magic. Because we like to know where we are getting into, we decided to become more informed about the origins, use and effects of the so-called Enochian Magic system. In that section, we are trying to summarize our studies and experiences with that mysterious and controversial system of magic.

As a reference, we like to refer to the following titles, currently available on the market.

  • Enochian Magic for Beginners (Donald Tyson)
  • Angelic Language Vols.1 & 2 (Aaron Leitch)
  • The Lost Art of Enochian Magic (John DeSalvo PhD)

Origins


Our research points to the original compiler of what we today call the Enochian Magic: Dr John Dee and his remaining 16th-century documents found in the British Library, London, as the origin of that magical system. 

According to Wikipedia, the Enochian system of magic, as in practiced today, is primarily the product of researches and workings of four men: John Dee, Edward Kelley, Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers and Aleister Crowley. In addition, the research of Dr. Thomas Rudd, Elias Ashmole, Dr William Wynn Westcott and Israel Regardie were an integral part of its further  development.

The raw material for the Enochian magical system was "dictated" via a series of Angelic communications between Edward Kelly and the "Enochian Angels" under Dee's supervision and they were performed during a period of 7 years, from 1582-1589. Dee and Kelley claimed they received these instructions from angels, while Kelly was conducting psychic operations known as scrying, During the entire duration of the sessions Dr. Dee kept meticulous written records of everything that occurred while Kelly was looking deeply into a crystal "shewstone" describing aloud whatever he saw - at the end producing a total amount of more than 400 notes.

This account of the Angelic communication is taken at face value by most Enochian occultists. However, some of them have pointed out remarkable similarities to earlier grimoires texts in existence such as the Heptameron known to Dr. Dee; and other magical texts like as The Book of Soyga (of which Dr. Dee owned a copy), the Pauline Art (Ars Paulina) (see Lesser Key of Solomon) and others including the influential magical works of Agrippa and Reuchlin. The notes claim that the content of the communications is related to the secrets contained in the apocryphal Book of Enoch.

Dee and Kelly never referred to their notes as Enochian Magic but rather called them Angelic communications, even though in modern occultism it is commonly known as Enochian. However, most of the authors involved in the study of that system agree that Dee was obsessed with the Enochian revelations as it was reflected in his notes. Modern esotericists decided to call it Enochian anyway. It is not quite clear how much of Enochian magic was put in use by Dee and Kelley. As a matter of fact, it is not documented whether Dee and Kelly ever practiced "Enochian" or Angelic rituals and calls. The entire subject is still up for debate or depending on further document discoveries. According to Dee's notes, the angels told them not to work with their revealed system until it is completed (what actually never happened), and there are no diary records of works being done except for one healing talisman that they were instructed by the angels to make. Dee and Kelley's journals are essentially notebooks which recorded the elements of the system, rather than records of workings they performed using the system or their experience using it as a magical system.

Anyway, there are a lot of current researches and studies in that subject done by serious esoteric authors. In this article, we will explore some of them that are having a major impact on the view of the subject.


Who is Dr. John Dee?


According to Wikipedia, John Dee (13 July 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I (England). He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy. One of the most learned men of his age. He devoted much time and effort in the last thirty years or so of his life attempting to commune with the angels/spirits in order to learn the universal language of creation and bring about the pre-apocalyptic unity of mankind. In his lifetime Dee amassed one of the largest libraries in England.

Dee was born in Tower Ward, London, to Rowland Dee of Welsh descent and Johanna Wild. His surname "Dee" derived from the Welsh du (black); his grandfather was Bedo Ddu of Nant-y-groes, Pilleth, Radnorshire and John retained his connection with the locality. His father Roland was a mercer and gentleman courtier to Henry VIII. John Dee claimed to be a descendant of Rhodri the Great, Prince of Wales and constructed a pedigree showing his descent from Rhodri. Dee's family arrived in London in the wake of Henry Tudor's coronation as Henry VII. Jane Dee was the daughter of William Wild.

Dee presented Queen Mary of England with a visionary plan for the preservation of old books, manuscripts and records and the founding of a national library, in 1556, but his proposal was not taken up. Instead, he expanded his personal home library in Mortlake, tirelessly acquiring books and manuscripts in England and on the European Continent. Dee's library, a center of learning outside the universities, became the greatest in England and attracted many scholars.

Based on that brief profile, we know that Dee was a busy man, so when he decided to delve deep into the realms of angelic that's for him was a serious matter.

What is the Origin of  the Enochian System of Magic?

The origin of the Enochian revelations is controversial as much its applications. However, the core of it is stated on Dee notes and books (refer to Writings of John Dee) preserved in the British Library in its original manuscript format - not complete but what was been savaged from the fires of Mortlake. Even though, the matter is not that simple.

The Book of Enoch (also 1 Enoch; Ge'ez: መጽሐፈ ሄኖክ mätṣḥäfä henok) is an ancient Jewish religious work, ascribed by tradition to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, although modern scholars estimate the older sections (mainly in the Book of the Watchers) to date from about 300 BC, and the latest part (Book of Parables) probably to the first century BC.

It is not part of the biblical canon as used by Jews, apart from Israel. Most Christian denominations and traditions may accept the Books of Enoch as having some historical or theological interest or significance, but they generally regard the Books of Enoch as non-canonical or non-inspired. However, it is regarded as canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, but not by any other Christian group.

The first part of the Book of Enoch describes the fall of the Watchers, the angels who fathered the Nephilim. The remainder of the book describes Enoch's visits to heaven in the form of travels, visions and dreams, and his revelations.

The book consists of five quite distinct major sections:

  • The Book of the Watchers (1 Enoch 1–36) - This first section of the Book of Enoch describes the fall of the Watchers, the angels who fathered the Nephilim (cf. the bene Elohim, Genesis 6:1–2) and narrates the travels of Enoch in the heavens. This section is said to have been composed in the fourth or 3rd century BC according to Western scholars.
  • The Book of Parables of Enoch (1 Enoch 37–71) (also called the Similitudes of Enoch) - Chapters 37–71 of the Book of Enoch are referred to as the Book of Parables. The scholarly debate centers on these chapters. The Book of Parables appears to be based on the Book of Watchers, but presents a later development of the idea of final judgement and eschatology, concerned not only with the destiny of the fallen angels but also of the evil kings of the earth. 
  • The Astronomical Book (1 Enoch 72–82) (also called the Book of the Heavenly Luminaries or Book of Luminaries) - Four fragmentary editions of the Astronomical Book were found at Qumran, 4Q208-211.[82] 4Q208 and 4Q209 have been dated to the beginning of the 2nd century BC, providing a terminus ante quem for the Astronomical Book of the 3rd century BC.[83] The fragments found in Qumran also include material not contained in the later versions of the Book of Enoch.
  • The Book of Dream Visions (1 Enoch 83–90) (also called the Book of Dreams) - The Book of Dream Visions, containing a vision of a history of Israel all the way down to what the majority have interpreted as the Maccabean Revolt, is dated by most to Maccabean times (about 163–142 BC). According to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church it was written before the Flood.
  • The Epistle of Enoch (1 Enoch 91–108) - Some scholars propose a date somewhere between the 170 BC and the 1st century BC. This section can be studied as formed by five sub-sections,[85] mixed by the final redactor: (a) Apocalypse of Weeks (93:1–10 91:11–17); (b) Exhortation (91:1–10 91:18–19); (c) Epistle (92:1–5 93:11–105:2); (d) Birth of Noah (106–107); (e) Conclusion (108): this second appendix was not found in Qumram and is considered to be work of the final redactor. 

Names of the fallen angels

Some of the fallen angels that are given in 1 Enoch have other names such as Rameel ('morning of God'), who becomes Azazel and is also called Gadriel ('wall of God') in Chapter 68. Another example is that Araqiel ('Earth of God') becomes Aretstikapha ('world of distortion') in Chapter 68.

"Azaz" as in Azazel means strength, so the name Azazel can refer to strength of God. But the sense in which it is used most probably means impudent (showing strength towards) which comes out as arrogant to God. This is also a key point to his being Satan in modern thought.

Nathaniel Schmidt states "the names of the angels apparently refer to their condition and functions before the fall," and lists the likely meaning of the angels names in the book of Enoch, noting that "the great majority of them are Aramaic."

The suffix of the names 'el' means 'God' (List of names referring to El) which is used in the names of high ranking angels. The Archangels all include this such as Uriel (Flame of God) or Michael "who is like God?". Another is given as Gadrel, who is said to have tempted Eve; Schmidt lists the name as meaning "the helper of God.

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Comments: The sufix "El" added the the leading angels or arc-angels may gives us a hint of a polyteist origin of the tradition, hinting to many "Gods" as the achitects of the world.

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Most scholars believe that these five sections were originally independent works (with different dates of composition), themselves a product of much editorial arrangement, and were only later redacted into what we now call 1 Enoch.

Eleven Aramaic-language fragments of the Book of Enoch were found in cave 4 of Qumran in 1948 and are in the care of the Israel Antiquities Authority. They were translated for and discussed by Józef Milik and Matthew Black in The Books of Enoch. Another translation has been released by Vermes and Garcia-Martinez. Milik described the documents as being white or cream in color, blackened in areas, and made of leather that was smooth, thick and stiff. It was also partly damaged, with the ink blurred and faint.

According to some authors, the whole thing is extremely dangerous with the risk of open portals to bring the full Apocalypse down to Earth. Actually the Four Knights of the Apocalypse were probably inspired in the four Watchtowers or the four towers of the Aerth.


That hint comes from the facts that: 
  1. The messengers / angels / spirits that John and Kelly contacted during the skrying sessions did not reveal the entire system, leaving the last parched pages to be written to complete the system, and 
  2. John Dee, despite been a student of the occult during most of his adult life, he didn't put the system in use. He never practices anything of it - or at least, such events were never recorded. 
That's a very strange thing particularly coming from him, who dedicated more than 5 years just recording systematically every character, every word captured by Kelly during the session compiling what was estimated as around 400 volumes of notes! Why such an effort was applied to just bury everything in his library shelves? Curiosity satisfied, fear or he was unable to figure it out?

Why a busy man like him spent so much time for nothing  and now there are so many people interested in use his material in ritual magic?

What is the Enochian System of Magic?

According to Wikipedia, the Enochian magic is a system of ceremonial magic based on the invocation and commanding of various spirits. It is based on the 16th-century writings of Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly, who claimed that their information, including the revealed Enochian language, was delivered to them directly by various angels. Dee's journals contained the Enochian script, and the tables of correspondences that accompany it. Dee and Kelley believed their visions gave them access to secrets contained within the apocryphal Book of Enoch.

The so-called Enochian Magic only came to existence through the works of the Order of the Golden Dawn Adepti at the end of the 1800's.


NOTE: This post is a working in progress and will depend on our own progress in the Enochian magic.

More info at: 

References

  • Enochian Magic for Beginners (Donald Tyson)
  • Angelic Language Vol.1 (Aaron Leitch)
  • The Lost Art of Enochian Magic (John DeSalvo PhD.)
  • Writings of John Dee (Wikipedia)

Updates

  • 30/03/2016 - Post creation.

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